At least since 2011, experts have recognized a certain trend in car crashes: namely, that women are more likely than men to be seriously injured or killed in a car crash. New York motorists should know that scientists from the University of Virginia have measured how much greater women’s risk is. It turns out it is 73% higher.

Earlier reports put much of the blame on seat belt designs that do not offer women maximum protection. However, the University of Virginia study reveals another factor, which is that of inadequate crash test safety data.

The majority of dummies used in crash tests are designed off of males. Though a female crash test dummy was introduced in 2003, its use can still lead to skewed data. The test dummy weighs 110 pounds while being 5 feet tall. This puts it just outside the average woman’s dimensions.

In short, crash tests are not taking into account women’s unique biomechanical factors, including differences in fat distribution and the shape of their pelvis. These factors will affect the way the seat belt interacts with one’s body and skeletal structure. Some car manufacturers have acknowledged the deficit, but it remains to be seen how they will address it.

Whether an automaker or negligent driver is behind a victim’s crash injuries, an attorney could help make sure the proper parties are held accountable. Depending on the case, a lawyer may strive for a fair out-of-court settlement. This could ultimately help cover the victim’s damages, which may include pain and suffering, missed wages and medical bills.